Key Enabling technologies (such as nanotechnology, micro- and nanoelectronics including semiconductors, advanced materials, biotechnology and photonics) are the main driving force behind the development of new goods and services. These technologies enable the restructuring of industrial processes needed to modernize EU industry and make the transition to a knowledge-based and low carbon resource-efficient economy and hence are needed to secure the research, development and innovation base in Europe
The Industrial Technologies Programme (NMP) of Horizon 2020 focuses on four KETs: nanotechnologies, advanced materials, advanced manufacturing and processing (production technologies) and biotechnology.
Activities of the work programme will address the whole innovation chain with technology readiness levels (TRLs) spanning the crucial range from medium levels to high levels preceding mass production, and helping to bridge the gaps ("valley of death") in this range. These activities will be based on research and innovation agendas defined by the industry and business actors, together with the research community, and have a strong focus on leveraging private sector investment
With applications in a broad variety of sectors, biotechnology has been a main innovation driver of the knowledge-based bio-economy (KBBE), leading to new growth and competitiveness in traditional sectors, such as food and agriculture, and the creation of emerging sectors, such as bio-based products and biofuels.
The aim in supporting biotechnology research is to improve the understanding of terrestrial and aquatic biological systems and, more importantly, to exploit this knowledge to boost technological innovation. Thus, biotechnology can significantly contribute to the development of more sustainable production processes products based on renewable raw materials.
The activities will focus on mission-oriented research towards life sciences, biotechnology and biochemistry for sustainable non-food products and processes. It has been divided into six interlinked areas:
- Novel sources of biomass and bio-products
- Marine and fresh-water biotechnology (blue biotechnology)
- Industrial biotechnology: added value bio-products and bio-processes (white biotechnology)
- Environmental biotechnology
- Emerging trends in biotechnology
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